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How to build Fridge Door Alarm Circuit

2016-02-20 14:09  
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This circuit, enclosed into a small box, is placed in the fridge near the lamp (if any) or the opening. With the door closed the interior of the fridge is in the dark, the photo resistor R2 presents a high resistance (up to 200K) thus clamping IC1 by holding pin 12 high. When a beam of light enters from the opening, or the fridge lamp illuminates, the photo resistor lowers its resistance (less 2K), pin 12 goes low, IC1 starts counting and, after a preset delay (20 seconds in this case) the piezo sounder beeps for 20 sec. then stops for the same lapse of time and the cycle repeats until the fridge door closes. D2 connected to pin 6 of IC1 allows the piezo sounder beeping 3 times per second.

Circuit diagram:

Fridge Door Alarm Circuit-Circuit diagram


R1 = 10KR2 = LDRR3 = 100KR4 = 100KD1 = 1N4148D2 = 1N4148Q1 = BC337C1 = 10nF-63VC2 = 100uF-25VB1 = 3V BatteryIC1 = 4060 Ripple Counter & Oscillator ICBZ1 = Piezo Buzzer Incorporating 3KHZ OscillatorSW1 = Miniature SPST Slider Switch


Connecting D1 to pin 2 of IC1 will halve the delay time.Delay time can be varied changing C1 and/or R3 values.Any photo resistor type should work.Quiescent current drawing is negligible, so SW1 can be omitted.Place the circuit near the lamp and take it away when defrosting, to avoid circuit damage due to excessive moisture.Do not put this device in the freezer.

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