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Class B power amplifiers

2015-01-06 23:33  
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Class B Amplifier Operation

Class B Amplifier Operation

Inclass B operationthe transistor is so biased that zero-signal collector current is zero. Hence class B operation does not need any biasing system. The operating point is set at cut-off. It remains forward biased for only half cycle of the input signal.i.e its conduction angle is 180 degree.

As illustrated in figure, during the positive half cycle of the input ac signal, the circuit is forward biased and, therefore, collector current flows. On the other hand, during negative half cycle of the input ac “signal, the circuit is reverse biased and no collector current flows.

 

Power and Efficiency Calculations of class B operation.Input dc power,Pin(dc)= VCCICCwhereldc

is the average or direct current taken from the collector supply.

If Icmaxis the maximum or peak value of collector or output current, then

 

ldc=lc max/

RMS value of collector current, Ic rms=Icmax/√2

RMS value of output voltage, Vrms=VCC/√2

Hence output power during half cycle, Pout (ac)= (IcmaxVCC)/ 4

 

In above expression factor 1/2is used because power is developed during one half cycle only.

DC power loss in load, PRc(dc)= (I2dcRc= Ic max/)Rc...

DC power loss in collector region or transistor, = Pin dc- PRc(dc)– Pout (ac)

Overall efficiency, noverall=Pout (ac)/ Pin dc= 0.785 or 78.5%

 

Conclusions.

1.Severe distortion occurs because of total absence of negative half cycle from the output.

2.As average current in class B operation (Ic max/)is less than that in class Aoperation, so power dissipation is less and consequently overall efficiency is high [78.5% when peak input signal makes Vce min= 0]. In general overall efficiency is given as?noverall= 78.5 {1- (Vce min/ VCC)}%

3.Zero signal input represents the best condition for class B operation as collector current is zero, This is quite contrary to class A. operation.In class B operation the transistor dissipation increases with increased input signals.

4. Half sine-wave type of collector current contains very pronounced even harmonics (particularly the second one). Such impulses can be made useful either by using push-pull arrangement or by employing tuned amplifiers.


More Articles on Power Amplifiers:

1. General Introduction to power amplifiers

2. Class A power amplifiers

3. Transformer coupled class A power amplifiers

4. Block diagram of practical stages of a power amplifier


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