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How to build Speach Amplifier

2015-01-03 08:19  
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This circuit is intended to be placed in the same box containing the loudspeaker, forming a compact microphone amplifier primarily intended for speech reinforcement. A device of this kind is particularly suited to teachers, lecturers, tourists' guides, hostesses and anyone speaking in crowded, noisy environment. The circuit's heart is formed by the TDA7052 Audio power amplifier IC, delivering a maximum output of 1.2W @ 6V supply. An external microphone must be plugged into J1, its signal being amplified by Q1 and fed to IC1. R1 acts as a volume control and C3 tailors the upper audio frequency band, mainly to reduce the microphone possibility of picking-up the loudspeaker output, causing a very undesirable and loud "howl", i.e. the well known Larsen effect. Therefore, C3 value can be varied in the 4n7 - 22nF range to ensure the best compromise from speech tone quality and minimum Larsen effect occurrence. Dynamic or electrets microphone is warmly recommended. It has a useful feature that can be used to momentarily mute the microphone by connecting SW1 shown in diagram.

Circuit Diagram:

Circuit Diagram


P1 = 22KR1 = 1MR2 = 15KR3 = 470RR4 = 47KR5 = 4.7KR6 = 4.7KC1 = 100nF-63VC2 = 100nF-63VC3 = 10nF-63VC4 = 100nF-63VC5 = 220uF-25VC6 = 10uF-25VQ1 = BC547IC1 = TDA7052 B1J1 = Mono Jack SocketB1 = 6V BatterySW1 = SPST Slider SwitchSW2 = SPST Toggle Switch


Please note that hands-free, uni-directional headset or ear clip microphone types are very well suited for this device, as also are Clip-on Lavaliere or Lapel microphones.If a small electrets capsule is used for the microphone, R5, R6 and C6 must be added to the circuit to provide power supply.Choose a loudspeaker as large as possible, in order to increase circuit performance.You can use also two 4 Ohm loudspeakers wired in series or two 8 Ohm types wired in parallel in order to obtain better results.The box containing the amplifier and loudspeaker(s) can be fitted out with a belt and carried like a shoulder-bag or, if you build a smaller unit, it can be used as a Pick & Go Belt Clip Speaker.

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