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Portable Microphone Preamplifier(BC550C)

2015-01-01 12:36  
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This article describes the Portable Microphone Preamplifier (BC550C). The principle is very simple, very practical. The circuit components can help you understand better grasp this principle. For example, in this circuit, you can go to find and buy these components: BC550C.

Circuit diagram:

Microphone Preamplifier

Parts:

P1______________2K2  Linear Potentiometer

R1,R2,R3______100K   1/4W Resistors
R4______________8K2  1/4W Resistor
R5_____________68R   1/4W Resistor
R6______________6K8  1/4W Resistor
R7,R8___________1K   1/4W Resistors
R9____________150R   1/4W Resistor

C1______________1µF   63V Polyester Capacitor
C2,C3,C4______100µF   25V Electrolytic Capacitors
C5_____________22µF   25V Electrolytic Capacitor

Q1___________BC560C   45V 100mA Low noise High gain PNP Transistor
Q2___________BC550C   45V 100mA Low noise High gain NPN Transistor

J1_____________Jack socket (Mono 3 or 6 mm.)
 

Device purpose:

This circuit is mainly intended to provide common home stereo amplifiers with a microphone input. The battery supply is a good compromise: in this manner the input circuit is free from mains low frequency hum pick-up and connection to the amplifier is more simple, due to the absence of mains cable and power supply.
Using a stereo microphone the circuit must be doubled. In this case, two separate level controls are better than a dual-ganged stereo potentiometer.
Low current drawing (about 2mA) ensures a long battery life.

Circuit operation:

The circuit is based on a low noise, high gain two stage PNP and NPN transistor amplifier, using DC negative feedback through R6 to stabilize the working conditions quite precisely. Output level is attenuated by P1 but, at the same time, the stage gain is lowered due to the increased value of R5. This unusual connection of P1, helps in obtaining a high headroom input, allowing to cope with a wide range of input sources (0.2 to 200mV RMS for 1V RMS output).

Notes:

Harmonic distortion is about 0.1% @ 1V RMS output (all frequencies).Maximum input voltage (level control cursor set at maximum) = 25mV RMSMaximum input voltage (level control cursor set at center position) = 200mV RMSEnclosing the circuit in a metal case is highly recommended.Simply connect the output of this device to the Aux input of your amplifier through screened cable and suitable connectors.
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