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Battery Eliminator Circuit With L7812CV and 7805

2016-05-10 04:01  
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Battery Eliminator Circuit


A 5V regulator allows you to power your receiver straight from the 12V or 24V batteries.

L7812CV
 


The heart of this regulator is a special regulator chip with three legs:- Input, Output and Common

These chips come in all different varieties and the ones we are interested in are the:-

5 Volt positive regulator..........780512 Volt positive regulator........7812
L7812CV
 

These regulators depending on manufacturer and type have a maximum input voltage of between 20 and 40 Volts. You can buy them readily in the UK from:-

Maplin ElectronicsFarnellRadio Spares

So that our circuit will work with all types of regulator we shall do it in two stages. First regulate down to 12 Volts then regulate that down to 5 Volts.

This has the added bonus of providing the robot with a 12 volt supply as well as eliminating the chance of any interference on the supply rails to the receiver.

If you want to run the circuit from a 12 Volt supply then simply leave the first stage of regulation out.
 

 

L7812CV


Note that the capacitors are mounted close to the pins of the regulators. This is to reduce the chances of the regulators oscillating at high frequencies


 

OK so now to start you will need:-

Vero Board at least 15x151x 5 Volt positive regulator and mounting kit..........78051x 12 Volt positive regulator and mounting kit........78124x 0.1 microFarad capacitors (50 volts or greater)2x 100 microFarad capacitors (16 volts or greater)5x Vero pinsTinned copper wireSoldering iron & SolderWire cutters & pliers
L7812CV
 

First cut the Vero board to size, then clean the underside with a scouring pad. Don't miss this bit out as it makes soldering much easier later on.

L7812CV
L7812CV

File the edges of the board clean, this makes for a much nicer looking job.

Carefully bend the legs of the regulators and fit them to the board.

L7812CV
L7812CV

Solder the regulators in taking care not to leave any solder bridges between the tracks.

Next add the capacitors, tinned copper wire links and Vero pins.

L7812CV

 
L7812CV

Build up the tracks with solder (Not too much) so that they can handle the current..

The tabs of the two regulators are internally connected to 0 Volts, it is a very good idea to electrically isolate them from the metalwork with a mounting kit (Mica Washer and plastic ferrule), thus reducing interference.

The regulators must be bolted down to a heatsink to prevent them overheating. The heatsink can be the metal box you house your receiver in.

L7812CV
L7812CV

Make the noise rejection coils with a minimum of 10 turns through a ferrite former.

Specifications

The maximum input Voltage depends on the specific chips used

LM7812CT ............. 27 VoltsMC7812CT ............. 35 VoltsUA7812CKC .......... 30 VoltsL7812CP ................ 35 VoltsL7812CV ................ 35 VoltsMC78T12CT .......... 35 Volts

The minimum input voltage is about 15 Volts

LM7812CT ............. 14.5 VoltsMC7812CT ............. 15 VoltsUA7812CKC .......... 14.5 VoltsL7812CP ................ 15 VoltsL7812CV ................ 15 VoltsMC78T12CT .......... 15 Volts

The maximum Current also depends on the chips used

LM7812CT .............. 1 AmpMC7812CT ............. 1 AmpUA7812CKC .......... 1.5 AmpsL7812CP ................ 1 AmpL7812CV ................ 1 AmpMC78T12CT .......... 3 Amps