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LED flashing circuit

2017-02-05 07:46  
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LED flashing circuit
This is a simple led flashing circuit with 2 leds. It illustrates the behavior of transistors and capacitors and if you use an oscilloscope it will be very easy to determine what happens in this astable multivibrator circuit. It’s state is constantly changing and this change affect the flow of current and voltage and the effect will be visible with the two leds.The speed of the led flasher may be adjusted with potentiometer P1. Being an astable multivibrator, the circuit knows no stable state but oscillates continuously between two states back and forth. The two transistors T1 and T2 turn and lock each other by turn. The smaller the capacitor and the smaller the resistance , the faster goes out the appropriate diode, for the benefit of others, who then immediately turns on. The activation time of T2 is t, a = 0.7 x R1 x C1, the switch-off t off = 0.7 x R2 x C2. The switch from T1 is t, a = 0.7 x R2 x C2, the off t off = 0.7 x R1 x C1. The transistors do not necessarily have to be BC 547 B, you may use BC 238 or similar small-signal transistors. It is recommended to always use the equivalent transistors. If one of the transistors is defective, wrong or have a malfunction , so does this to the full functionality of this circuit . An LED lights up and the other only very weakly. The two led flashing circuit is designed for 9 Volts but it works at even less voltages. In this designed we used red leds but by changing the series resistors R1 and R4 you can also use different colored LEDs. Two Led flashing circuit diagram Components valuesR1 - 470 OhmR2 - 470 OhmR3 - 3.9 kOhmR4 – 3.9 kOhmP1 - 50 kOhmC1 – 47 μF / 16VC2 - 47 μF / 16VT1 - BC 547 BT2 - BC 547 BD1 - LED Standard , 5 mm , redD2 - LED Standard , 5 mm , red