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How to build LED or Lamp Pulsar Circuit

2014-12-17 18:06  
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This circuit operates a LED in pulsing mode, i.e. the LED goes from off state, lights up gradually, then dims gradually, etc. This operation mode is obtained by a triangular wave generator formed by two op-amps contained in a very cheap 8 pin DIL case IC. Q1 ensures current buffering, in order to obtain a better load drive. R4 & C1 are the timing components: using the values shown in the parts list, the total period is about 4 seconds.

Circuit diagram:

LED or Lamp Pulsar Circuit-Circuit diagram


R1 = 4.7KR2 = 4.7KR3 = 22KR4 = 2.2MR5 = 10KR6 = 47RC1 = 1μF-63VQ1 = BC337D1 = Red LedIC1 = LM358


The most satisfying results are obtained adopting for R4 a value ranging from 220K to 4M7.Adopting for R4 a value below 220K, the pulsing effect will be indistinguishable from a normal blinking effect.The LED can be any type and color.You can use a filament lamp bulb instead of the LED, provided it is rated in the range 3.2 to 6V, 200mA max.Using a bulb as a load, R6 must be omitted.Voltage supply range can be 4 to 6V: 4.5V is the best compromise.Do not supply the circuit with voltages exceeding 6V: it will work less good and Q1 could be damaged when a bulb will be used as the load.At 6V supply, increase R6 value to 100 Ohm.

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