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Programmable LED Flashers (1N4148)

2014-12-18 22:13  
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This article describes the Programmable LED Flashers (1N4148). The content is very simple, very helpful. Components in this article can help you understand better understanding of this article. For example, in this article, you can go to find and buy these components:1N4148.

LED changing to steady state after a preset number of flashes

Circuit diagram #1:

Programmable LED Flasher #1

Parts:

R1______________10K  1/4W Resistor
R2_______________1M  1/4W Resistor
R3_______________1K  1/4W Resistor (See Notes)

C1_______________4µ7  25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C2______________10nF  63V Polyester Capacitor

D1___________1N4148   75V 150mA Diode
D2______________LED (Any dimension, shape or color)

IC1____________4060  14 stage ripple counter and oscillator IC

P1_____________SPST  Pushbutton
SW1____________SPST  Toggle or Slider Switch

B1______________3V to 15V Battery or dc power source (See Notes)

Circuit diagram #2:

Programmable LED Flasher #2

Parts:

R1_____________100K  1/4W Resistor
R2_______________1K  1/4W Resistor (See Notes)
R3______________10K  1/4W Resistor

C1,C2____________4µ7  25V Electrolytic Capacitors

D1___________1N4148   75V 150mA Diode
D2______________LED (Any dimension, shape or color)

IC1____________7555 or TS555CN CMos Timer IC
IC3____________4017  Decade counter with 10 decoded outputs IC

SW1____________1 pole 9 ways Rotary Switch (Optional)
SW2____________SPST  Toggle or Slider Switch

B1______________3V to 15V Battery or dc power source (See Notes)

These circuits were designed on request. Both feature a flashing LED that, after a preset number of flashes will illuminate steadily until P1 (Reset) will be pressed.

Circuit #1uses only one chip and can be useful if a not very precise number of flashes of the LED is needed before reverting to the steady-on state. In fact, connecting D1 Anode to different output pins of the IC, the steady-on state of the LED will be obtained after 2, 4, 8, 16 flashes and so on.
Connecting D1 Anode as shown, the LED will start flashing at about two times per second after power-on and will revert to the steady state after 8 flashes. P1 resets the circuit and C1 automatically resets IC at power-on.
Connecting D1 Anode to pin #13 of IC1 the flashes will be 4; to pin #1 will be 16 etc.

The flashing frequency of the LED can be varied by changing the values of R2 and/or C2.

Circuit #2is more precise and uses about the same parts count of Circuit #1, though requiring two ICs. By choosing the appropriate output pin of IC2, the steady-on state of the LED will be obtained after 1 to 9 flashes, as shown in the drawing at SW1 pins. This switch is optional, as D1 Anode can be hard wired directly to the required output pin of IC2. P1 will work as in Circuit #1 but with some difference: after a momentarily press the LED will restart to flash, but the total number of flashes will be one less than obtained after power-on. Furthermore, if P1 is closed permanently, the circuit will flash permanently.
The flashing frequency of the LED can be varied by changing R1 and/or C1 values.

 


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