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Simple Color Organ (BZX79C24)

2015-01-12 23:35  
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Three Lamp-Channels Output

Circuit diagram:

Color Organ

Parts:

P1,P2,P3________10K   Linear Potentiometers

R1_____________470R   1/2W Resistor
R2_____________100K   1/4W Resistor
R3_______________1M   1/4W Resistor
R4______________22K   1/4W Resistor
R5_____________220K   1/4W Resistor
R6______________15K   1/4W Resistor
R7_______________1K5  1/4W Resistor
R8_______________4K7  1/4W Resistor

C1_____________330nF  400V Polyester Capacitor
C2_____________470µF   35V Electrolytic Capacitor
C3,C4,C6_______100nF   63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitors
C5_______________1µF   63V Electrolytic Capacitor
C7_______________4n7   63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitor

D1,D2_________1N4007 1000V 1A Diodes
D3__________BZX79C24   24V 500mW Zener Diode
D4,D5,D6_____TIC206M  600V 4A TRIACs

Q1 to Q5_______BC547   45V 100mA NPN Transistors

MIC1___________Miniature Electret Microphone Capsule

SW1____________SPST Toggle Switch 250V 10-15A (See Notes)

PL1____________Male Mains Plug

SK1,SK2,SK3____Female Mains Sockets

A simple, satisfactory Color Organ can be built with a handful of cheap components. This design features: no mains supply transformer, built-in microphone and three widely adjustable frequency bands obtained by means of very simple, passive filters for Bass, Middle and Treble.(BZX79C24)

Due to the very low current consumption of this circuit, the mains sup ply can be conveniently reduced with no heat dissipation by the reactance of C1; then rectified by D1 and D2 and clamped to 24V by the Zener Diode D3.
The music diffused by the loudspeaker(s) of any type of media player, is picked-up by the built-in microphone and the resulting signal is greatly amplified by a two-stage transistor audio amplifier Q1 and Q2.
At the output of the second stage, the audio signal is filtered and split into three fully adjustable frequency bands by means of a simple (though effective) passive filter formed by P1, P2, P3, R7, R8, C6 and C7, thus avoiding the complexity of op-amp based active filters.
Transistors Q3, Q4 and Q5 are the drivers for the Triacs D4, D5 and D6 respectively, but can be omitted if high sensitivity Triac devices are used.

Warning!The device is connected to 230Vac mains, then some parts in the circuit board are subjected tolethal potential!Avoid touching the circuit when plugged and enclose it in a plastic or wooden box.

 


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