Low Resistance Measuring Meter

2016-01-22 19:26  
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low resistance measuring meter


Low resistance measuring meter circuit

The circuit for aLRMMdescribed here is simple and has the following advantages over other meters:

* No zero knob (see it once and forget it forever).
* Scale reading is from zero to a fixed value rather than infinity.
* LRMM uses a 1.5-volt penlight cell, two scales (0-1 ohms and 0-10 ohms) over a dial and a push-to-on switch due to large power consumption by the circuit.

Low Resistance Measuring Meter circuit

PARTS LIST
R127Ω
R23.3Ω
R33.3Ω
R4330Ω
VR1100Ω
D1IN4001
D2IN4001
D3IN4001
T1BC147B
BT11.5V CELL
PV1500μA AMMETER
PB1PUSH TO ON SWITCH

A constant current generator T1 passes a known current through the resistance to be measured. A maximum drop of 100 mV across the emitter of T1 and ground is displayed on the meter whose internal resistance is much higher than the testing resistance (maximum 10 ohms), due to which the meter does not load the circuit. The diode across the absence of a testing resistance.

The bias for the transistor is provided by R1, VR1, R2, R3, D1, and R4. Using diodes D1 and D2 helps in holding the bias level constant inspite of decaying battery.

The meter should have a 0-500μA linear scale. Any general-purpose meter can be used with a shunt resistance. T1 can be any silicon npn transistor with a high current gain factor.

Adjust the instrument by shorting probes A and B. Otherwise it shows a zero resistance. Adjust in 0-10 ohms scale first. Other adjustments follow automatically. This circuit can be easily built within an hour.

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