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Amplified Ear(BC337)

2017-03-17 03:32  
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This article describes the Amplified Ear (BC337). The principle is very simple, very practical. The circuit components can help you understand better grasp this principle. For example, in this circuit, you can go to find and buy these components: BC337.

Circuit diagram:

Amplified Ear

Parts:

P1_____________22K   Log. Potentiometer (see Notes)

R1,R9__________10K   1/4W Resistors
R2______________1M   1/4W Resistor
R3______________4K7  1/4W Resistor
R4,R7_________100K   1/4W Resistor
R5______________3K9  1/4W Resistor
R6______________1K5  1/4W Resistor
R8_____________100R  1/4W Resistor

C1,C2_________100nF  63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitors
C3,C6___________1µF  63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitors
C4_____________10µF  25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C5____________470µF  25V Electrolytic Capacitor

D1___________1N4148  75V 150mA Diode

Q1,Q2,Q3,_____BC547  45V 100mA NPN Transistors
Q4____________BC337  45V 800mA NPN Transistor

MIC1__________Miniature electret microphone

SW1____________SPST Switch (Ganged with P1)

J1_____________Stereo 3mm. Jack socket

B1_____________1.5V Battery (AA or AAA cell etc.)
 

Device purpose:

This circuit, connected to 32 Ohm impedance mini-earphones, can detect very remote sounds. Useful for theatre, cinema and lecture goers: every word will be clearly heard. You can also listen to your television set at a very low volume, avoiding to bother relatives and neighbors. Even if you have a faultless hearing, you may discover unexpected sounds using this device: a remote bird twittering will seem very close to you.

Circuit operation:

The heart of the circuit is a constant-volume control amplifier. All the signals picked-up by the microphone are amplified at a constant level of about 1 Volt peak to peak. In this manner very low amplitude audio signals are highly amplified and high amplitude ones are limited. This operation is accomplished by Q3, modifying the bias of Q1 (hence its AC gain) by means of R2.
A noteworthy feature of this circuit is 1.5V battery operation.
Typical current drawing: 7.5mA.

Notes:

Due to the constant-volume control, some users may consider P1 volume control unnecessary. In most cases it can be omitted, connecting C6 to C3. In this case use a SPST slider or toggle switch as SW1.Please note the stereo output Jack socket (J1) connections: only the two inner connections are used, leaving open the external one. In this way the two earpieces are wired in series, allowing mono operation and optimum load impedance to Q4 (64 Ohm).Using suitable miniature components, this circuit can be enclosed in a very small box, provided by a clip and hanged on one's clothes or slipped into a pocket.Gary Pechon from Canada reported that the Amplified Ear is so sensitive that he can hear a whisper 7 meters across the room.
He hooked a small relay coil to the input and was able to locate power lines in his wall. He was also able to hear the neighbor's stereo perfectly: he could pick up the signals sent to the speaker voice coil through a plaster wall.
Gary suggests that this circuit could make also a good electronic stethoscope.
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