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2017-08-24 23:31  
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One v;ay to provide good negative-voltage regulation is with a low-dropout positive-voltage regulator operating from a well-isolated secondary winding of switch-mode circuit transformer. The technique works with any positive-voltage regulator, although highest efficiency occurs with low-dropout types. Under all loading conditions, the minimum voltage difference between the regulator ViN and VoUT pins must be at least 1.5 V, the LT1086`s low-dropout voltage.

If this requirement isn`t met, the output falls out of regulation. 1vo programming resistors, R1 and R2, set the output voltage to 12 V, and the LT1086`s servo the voltage between the output and its adjusting (ADJ) terminals to 1.25 V. Capacitor C1 improves ripple rejection, and protection diode D1 eliminates common-load problems. Since a secondary winding is galvanically isolated, a regulator`s 12 V output can be referenced to ground. Therefore, in the case of a negative-voltage output, the positive-voltage terminal of the regulator connects to ground, and the -12 V output comes off the anode of Dl. The ViN terminal floats at 1.5 V or more above ground.

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