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How to build Amplified Ear

2018-11-13 01:58  
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Circuit diagram

Amplified Ear-circuit diagram

Parts:

P1 22K Log. Potentiometer (see Notes)R1,R9 10K 1/4W ResistorsR2 1M 1/4W ResistorR3 4K7 1/4W ResistorR4,R7 100K 1/4W ResistorR5 3K9 1/4W ResistorR6 1K5 1/4W ResistorR8 100R 1/4W ResistorC1,C2 100nF 63V Polyester or Ceramic CapacitorsC3,C6 1uF 63V Polyester or Ceramic CapacitorsC4 10uF 25V Electrolytic CapacitorC5 470uF 25V Electrolytic CapacitorD1 1N4148 75V 150mA DiodeQ1,Q2,Q3 BC547 45V 100mA NPN TransistorsQ4 BC337 45V 800mA NPN TransistorMIC1 Miniature electret microphoneSW1 SPST Switch (Ganged with P1)J1 Stereo 3mm. Jack socketB1 1.5V Battery (AA or AAA cell etc.)

Device purpose:

This circuit, connected with 32 Ohms impedance mini-earphones, can detect very remote sounds. Useful for theatre, cinema and lecture goers: every word will be clearly heard. You can also listen to your television set at a very low volume, avoiding to bother relatives and neighbours. Even if you have a faultless hearing, you may discover unexpected sounds using this device: a remote bird twittering will seem very close to you.

Circuit operation:

The heart of the circuit is a constant-volume control amplifier. All the signals picked-up by the microphone are amplified at a constant level of about 1 Volt peak to peak. In this manner very low amplitude audio signals are highly amplified and high amplitude ones are limited. This operation is accomplished by Q3, modifying the bias of Q1 (hence its AC gain) by means of R2. A noteworthy feature of this circuit is 1.5V battery operation. Typical current drawing: 7.5mA.

Notes:

Due to the constant-volume control, some users may consider P1 volume control unnecessary. In most cases it can be omitted, connecting C6 to C3. In this case use a SPST slider or toggle switch as SW1.Note the stereo output Jack socket (J1) connections: only the two inner connections are used, leaving open the external one. In this manner the two earpieces are wired in series, allowing mono operation and optimum load impedance to Q4 (64 Ohms).Using suitable miniature components, this circuit can be enclosed in a very small box, provided by a clip and hanged on one's clothes or slipped in a pocket.







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