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How to build Whistle Responder Schematic - Circuit Diagram

2018-11-15 01:11  
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Some 20 years ago it was common to see small key-holders emitting an intermittent beep for a couple of seconds after its owner whistled. These devices contained a special purpose IC and therefore were not suited to home construction. The present circuit is designed around a general purpose hex-inverter CMos IC and, using miniature components and button clock-type batteries can be enclosed in a matchbox. It is primarily a gadget, but everyone will be able to find suitable applications.

Circuit operation:

This device beeps intermittently for about two seconds when a person in a range of around 10 meters emits a whistle. The first two inverters contained in IC1 are used as audio amplifiers. IC1A amplifies consistently the signal picked-up by the small electret-microphone and IC1B acts as a band-pass filter, its frequency being centered at about 1.8KHz. The filter is required in order to select a specific frequency, the whistle's one, stopping other frequencies that would cause undesired beeper operation. IC1C is wired as a Schmitt trigger, squaring the incoming audio signal. IC1D is a 2 second-delay monostable driving the astable formed by IC1E & IC1F. This oscillator generates a 3 to 5Hz square wave feeding Q1 and BZ1, thus providing intermittent beeper operation.

Circuit diagram:

Whistle Responder Schematic - Circuit Diagram-Circuit operation


R1 = 22K 1/4W ResistorR2 = 10K 1/4W ResistorR3 = 4M7 1/4W ResistorR4 = 100K 1/4W ResistorsR5 = 220R 1/4W ResistorR6 = 330K 1/4W ResistorR7 = 47K 1/4W ResistorR8 = 100K 1/4W ResistorsR9 = 2M2 1/4W ResistorR10 = 1M5 1/4W ResistorC1 = 47nF 63V Polyester or Ceramic CapacitorsC2 = 10nF 63V Polyester CapacitorsC3 = 10nF 63V Polyester CapacitorsC4 = 1μF 63V Electrolytic CapacitorsC6 = 1μF 63V Electrolytic CapacitorsC5 = 47nF 63V Polyester or Ceramic CapacitorsD1 = 1N4148 75V 150mA DiodesD2 = 1N4148 75V 150mA DiodesQ1 = BC337 45V 800mA NPN TransistorB1 = 2.8 or 3V Battery (see notes)IC1 = 4049 Hex Inverter ICBZ1 = Piezo sounder (incorporating 3KHz oscillator)MIC1 = Miniature electret microphone


Power supply range: 2.6 to 3.6 Volts.Standing current: 150μA.Depending on dimensions of your box, you can choose from a wide variety of battery types:2 x 1.5 V batteries type: AA, AAA, AAAA, button clock-type, photo-camera type & others.2 x 1.4 V mercury batteries, button clock-type.1 x 3 V or 1 x 3.6 V Lithium cells.

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