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Polarity Gain Adjustment Circuit

2017-09-04 15:28  
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By adjusting one potentiometer, this circuit`s output can be varied from a positive-going version of the input signal, smoothly through zero output, then to a negative-going version of the input (see the figure). If the input signal is a positive pulse of, for example, 2-V peak/the output pulse amplitude can be smoothly varied from 2-V through ground (no output) to a -2-V peak. Taking a closer look at the setup, assume that the signal has a 2-V peak input. The A section of the quad op amp is an input buffer, op amp 0 provides a fixed negative-going output of -4-V peak, and op amp supplies a positive-going output that varies from 2-V to 6-V peak.
Polarity Gain Adjustment Circuit

The D section adds the and C outputs. Thus, by varying the output, the circuit output varies smoothly from -2-V to 2-V peak. The circuit can, of course, also be used as a 07180 phase switcher. For instance, with a ground-centered sine-wave input of 4V p-p, the output varies from 4-V p-p in phase with the input, smoothly through 0 V, to 4V p-p 180 out of phase with the input.

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