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VGA to BNC Adapter (BS170 )

2017-08-06 11:04  
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This article briefly describes the VGA to BNC Adapter (BS170). This principle is easy to understand, but also very practical. Depth understanding of circuit elements, you can better grasp this principle. In this circuit, you can learn about and purchase these components: BS170.

There are monitors which only have threeBNCinputs and which use composite synchronization (‘sync on green’). This circuit has been designed with these types of monitor in mind. As can be seen, the circuit has been kept very simple, but it still gives a reasonable performance. The principle of operation is very straightforward. TheRGBsignals from theVGAconnector are fed to threeBNCconnectors via AC-coupling capacitors. These have been added to stop any direct current from entering theVGAcard. A pull-up resistor on the green output provides a DC offset, while a transistor (a BS170MOSFET) can switch this output to ground. It is possible to get synchronisation problems when the display is extremely bright, with a maximum green component.

In this case the value of R2 should be reduced a little, but this has the side effect that the brightness noticeably decreases and the load on the graphics card increases. To keep the colour balance the same, the resistors for the other two colors (R1 en R3) have to be changed to the same value as R2. AnEXORgate from IC1 (74HC86) combines the separate V-sync and H-sync signals into a composite sync signal. Since the sync inDOS-modes is often inverted compared to the modes commonly used by Windows, the output of IC1a is inverted by IC1b. JP1 can then by used to select the correct operating mode. This jumper can be replaced by a small two-way switch, if required.

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This switch should be mounted directly onto thePCB, as any connecting wires will cause a lot of interference. ThePCBhas been kept as compact as possible, so the circuit can be mounted in a small metal (earthed!) enclosure. With a monitor connected the current consumption will be in the region of 30 mA. A 78L05 voltage regulator provides a stable 5 V, making it possible to use any type of mains adapter, as long as it supplies at least 9 V. Diode D2 provides protection against a reverse polarity.LEDD1 indicates when the supply is present. The circuit should be powered up before connecting it to an activeVGAoutput, as otherwise the sync signals will feed the circuit via the internal protection diodes of IC1, which can be noticed by a dimly litLED. This is something best avoided.

Resistors:
R1,R2,R3 = 470Ω
R4 = 100Ω
R5 = 3kΩ3

Capacitors:
C1,C3,C5 = 47μF 25V radial
C2,C4,C6,C7,C10 = 100nF ceramic
C8 = 4μF7 63V radial
C9 = 100μF 25V radial

Semiconductors:
D1 =LED, high-efficiency
D2 = 1N4002
T1 = BS170
IC1 = 74HC86
IC2 = 78L05

Miscellaneous:
JP1 = 3-way pinheader with jumper
K1 = 15-wayVGAsocket (female),PCBmount (angled pins)
K2,K3,K4 =BNCsocket (female),PCBmount, 75Ω

 

 


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